The project is organised around four (4) basic use cases of
autonomous vehicles for public transport, which constitute the
“large scale demonstrators” of the project (Geneva
(Switzerland, Coordinator), Lyon (France), Copenhagen
(Denmark) and Luxembourg (Luxembourg)). The inclusion criteria
for the selection of the AVENUE full scale demonstrators is
because they represent the most important models in public
transport in Europe. They will also act as a good example of
replication for other “replication cities” which will be
defined during the project lifetime. The target of the
replication cities is to run small scale demonstration
activities after the 3rd year of the project.
The target of the Geneva pilot is to integrate autonomous
vehicles in the existing public transport services.
TPG will hot-start the work in the AVENUE project by directly
integrating the under operation pilot operation autonomous bus
service, and namely the shuttle operating at the Meyrin area.
The current service is provided with a very low frequency (every
half hour) and a low speed (max 25 km/h), operating however in
an uncontrolled environment (in contrast with many other pilots
around the world), with roads are shared by other vehicles,
bicycles, pedestrians etc. When the AVENUE project will start
(mid 2018), we will start the expansion of the existing service
to cover a larger area and with higher bus frequency. A prime
candidate for the expansion is the new under development
eco-neighbour of Vergers (http://www.lesvergers-meyrin.ch) with
1350 new residencies to be delivered in 2018/19.
Having deployed a denser network of autonomous vehicles (3 or 4)
by the start of the 2nd year of the project, covering the new
area(s), we will proceed in parallel, to increase the vehicle
speeds with aim to reach 40-45 km/h, with safety as prime
concern, and incrementally propose new services and routes.
The AVENUE solution will be running in the Lyon
Confluence district. It is a vast 150-hectare site located
at the confluence of the Saone and Rhone rivers in the heart
of Lyon, for many years life in La Confluence revolved
around industry and its river port. Confluence has been
recognized eco-friendly district by the French government,
sustainable district by WWF and has acquired the European
label Concerto, for the low energetic consumption of the
The Lyon-Confluence project is one of Europe’s biggest urban
projects to develop a city centre.
No public transport modes were present on the area near the
river Saone. However a tram station is present on the main
street near Charlemagne station and a regional train line
cross the district without stopping except at the Lyon
Perrache main station at the North of the Confluence
An on-demand shuttle service will be tested as well during
the project to offer a better service to customers by
letting them order the shuttle under specific condition
(during off-peak periods for instance).
By the time the AVENUE project will start a mobile
application will exist for the NAVLY service. Using it, the
customers will be able to see the position of the shuttles
on the route. An extension of the application could let them
know the time of arrival at each station and let them order
it during off-peak hours.
The Copenhagen test site will be situated in an area of
the city called Nordhavn. Nordhavn is an active industrial
port that is undergoing a transformation – turning into
Copenhagen’s new international waterfront district offering
residential and commercial buildings. When the development
of Nordhavn is done, the area will house more than 40.000
residents and 40.000 employees.
Copenhagen City Council has adopted the necessary local
development plan, and CPH City & Port Development has
therefore begun to implement the first phase of the largest
and most ambitious urban project in Copenhagen.
Currently the Nordhavn area is serviced by a nearby S-train
station and bus stops located near the station. There are
however no buses or trains running directly in the area –
creating a great opportunity for the autonomous vehicles to
function as a new public transport solution, connecting the
area much better than it is today.
In 2020 two new metro stations will have been built –
opening in the middle of the neighborhood.
The overall aim of the Copenhagen test site is to test and
implement the Autonomous Mobility Cloud – and thereby
creating a better connection between selected areas of
Copenhagen and existing public transport solutions.
Sales-Lentz will soon operate an autonomous bus service
connecting the Campus Contern, (an office complex in
Luxemburg providing a 100% natural, pollution and allergen
free environment to his tenants) to the Sandweiler-Contern
train station, at a distance of 1km. An extension towards
the Zoning Chaux de Contern at a 3km distance is under
planning. This first pilot provides SLA the required
experience for the introduction of the autonomous vehicle
services to other sites in Luxembourg, complementing the
public transportation shared services they already offer.