The project is organised around four (4) basic use cases of autonomous vehicles for public transport, which constitute the “large scale demonstrators” of the project (Geneva (Switzerland, Coordinator), Lyon (France), Copenhagen (Denmark) and Luxembourg (Luxembourg)). The inclusion criteria for the selection of the AVENUE full scale demonstrators is because they represent the most important models in public transport in Europe. They will also act as a good example of replication for other “replication cities” which will be defined during the project lifetime. The target of the replication cities is to run small scale demonstration activities after the 3rd year of the project.

The target of the Geneva pilot is to integrate autonomous vehicles in the existing public transport services.
TPG will hot-start the work in the AVENUE project by directly integrating the under operation pilot operation autonomous bus service, and namely the shuttle operating at the Meyrin area. The current service is provided with a very low frequency (every half hour) and a low speed (max 25 km/h), operating however in an uncontrolled environment (in contrast with many other pilots around the world), with roads are shared by other vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians etc. When the AVENUE project will start (mid 2018), we will start the expansion of the existing service to cover a larger area and with higher bus frequency. A prime candidate for the expansion is the new under development eco-neighbour of Vergers ( with 1350 new residencies to be delivered in 2018/19.
Having deployed a denser network of autonomous vehicles (3 or 4) by the start of the 2nd year of the project, covering the new area(s), we will proceed in parallel, to increase the vehicle speeds with aim to reach 40-45 km/h, with safety as prime concern, and incrementally propose new services and routes.

The AVENUE solution will be running in the Lyon Confluence district. It is a vast 150-hectare site located at the confluence of the Saone and Rhone rivers in the heart of Lyon, for many years life in La Confluence revolved around industry and its river port. Confluence has been recognized eco-friendly district by the French government, sustainable district by WWF and has acquired the European label Concerto, for the low energetic consumption of the buildings.
The Lyon-Confluence project is one of Europe’s biggest urban projects to develop a city centre.
No public transport modes were present on the area near the river Saone. However a tram station is present on the main street near Charlemagne station and a regional train line cross the district without stopping except at the Lyon Perrache main station at the North of the Confluence district.

An on-demand shuttle service will be tested as well during the project to offer a better service to customers by letting them order the shuttle under specific condition (during off-peak periods for instance).
By the time the AVENUE project will start a mobile application will exist for the NAVLY service. Using it, the customers will be able to see the position of the shuttles on the route. An extension of the application could let them know the time of arrival at each station and let them order it during off-peak hours.

The Copenhagen test site will be situated in an area of the city called Nordhavn. Nordhavn is an active industrial port that is undergoing a transformation – turning into Copenhagen’s new international waterfront district offering residential and commercial buildings. When the development of Nordhavn is done, the area will house more than 40.000 residents and 40.000 employees.
Copenhagen City Council has adopted the necessary local development plan, and CPH City & Port Development has therefore begun to implement the first phase of the largest and most ambitious urban project in Copenhagen.
Currently the Nordhavn area is serviced by a nearby S-train station and bus stops located near the station. There are however no buses or trains running directly in the area – creating a great opportunity for the autonomous vehicles to function as a new public transport solution, connecting the area much better than it is today.
In 2020 two new metro stations will have been built – opening in the middle of the neighborhood.
The overall aim of the Copenhagen test site is to test and implement the Autonomous Mobility Cloud – and thereby creating a better connection between selected areas of Copenhagen and existing public transport solutions.

Sales-Lentz will soon operate an autonomous bus service connecting the Campus Contern, (an office complex in Luxemburg providing a 100% natural, pollution and allergen free environment to his tenants) to the Sandweiler-Contern train station, at a distance of 1km. An extension towards the Zoning Chaux de Contern at a 3km distance is under planning. This first pilot provides SLA the required experience for the introduction of the autonomous vehicle services to other sites in Luxembourg, complementing the public transportation shared services they already offer.