Copenhagen is the most populous city of Denmark with just over 1.3 million inhabitants in the greater Copenhagen area. The City of Copenhagen has set up a goal to turn the city into the World’s first CO2-neutral capital by 2025. Therefore there is a strong focus on creating green growth and a more sustainable Copenhagen. In a survey conducted by the municipality, 87% of the people living Copenhagen stated that they want to live in a CO2 neutral city.
In the city of Copenhagen there is a federated public transport system where different operators offer services under agreements with the city and state. In the greater Copenhagen area, the transport solutions consist of an extensive network of buses, S-trains, regional trains, Metro, and two lines of shuttle boats called "harbour buses". Finally, the City of Copenhagen is interested in testing autonomous vehicles and now has the possibility to do so because of a new law - allowing test with AV’s in public areas - that became effective July 1st 2017.
The pilot site
The overall aim of the Copenhagen test site is to test and implement the autonomous mobility cloud – and thereby creating a better connection between selected areas of Copenhagen and existing public transport solutions.
The Copenhagen test site is situated in an area of the city called Nordhavn. Nordhavn is an active industrial port that is undergoing a transformation into Copenhagen’s new international waterfront district with residential and commercial buildings. When the transformation of Nordhavn is done, the area will house more than 40,000 residents and 40,000 employees.
The Nordhavn transformation is the largest and most ambitious urban development project in Copenhagen to date, facilitated by CPH City & Port Development. Copenhagen City Council has adopted the necessary local development plan. The vision behind the new Nordhavn is called “The sustainable city of the future”, and this encompasses values such as environmental care, green traffic, accessibility for everyone, and high quality of life by the sea.
As a test site for full-scale autonomous transportation solutions in the AVENUE project, Nordhavn’s vision is brought to life in a way that literally moves people. The area will experience improved mobility internally and externally by integrating with existing public transport solutions. By offering cloud based autonomous mobility that is more flexible and on demand than we’re used to, the users in the area will experience a whole new and better way of getting from A to B facilitated by new technology.
Transportation in Nordhavn today
Currently the Nordhavn area is serviced by a nearby S-train station and bus stops located near the station. In 2020 two new metro stations will have been built, opening in the middle of the neighborhood, and later two more stations are planned.
ut today there are no buses or trains running directly in the new Nordhavn area. This means that there is a great opportunity for the autonomous vehicles to function as a new public transport solution, connecting the area much better than it is today.
In the neighborhood Århusgadekvarteret in Nordhavn there will be up to 1,900 parking spaces, primarily in larger parking facilities. Street side parking is restricted to maximum 10% of the parking spaces and is reserved for short time parking.
With a relatively low parking norm and a wish to reduce the number of parked cars in the streets, autonomous vehicles offer an intelligent way of meeting the need for door to door mobility in the area. As a shuttle service, the vehicles will constantly be on the move between destinations. And when the autonomous mobility cloud is implemented, the activity of the vehicles will be determined by the users’ needs. Not only will this reduce the number of parked cars by the street side, it will also optimize the use of capacity on the lanes.
The long perspective
In the framework of the AVENUE project, the Nordhavn test site will be the center of attention for decision makers, politicians and urban planners to be inspired by autonomous, sustainable solutions to mobility needs. Copenhagen will be a frontrunner of self-driving mobility in the Nordic countries, and the potential to scale up the solutions tested in the project period are obvious.
The local project is conducted by Autonomous Mobility in cooperation with CPH City & Port Development, the City of Copenhagen, Movia, and Metroselskabet.