AVENUE is organised around four (4) use cases of autonomous vehicles for public transport, which constitute the “large scale demonstrators” of the project (Geneva (Switzerland), Lyon (France), Copenhagen (Denmark) and Luxembourg (Luxembourg)). The inclusion criteria for the selection of the AVENUE full scale demonstrators was made based on the public transportation model they represent, covering the most common models of public transport in Europe. They will also act as a good example of replication for other “replication cities” which will be defined during the project lifetime. The target of the replication cities is to run small scale demonstration activities after the 3rd year of the project.
Geneva - Switzerland
The target of the Geneva pilot is to integrate autonomous vehicles in the existing public transport services.
TPG has hot-started the work in the AVENUE project by directly integrating the under operation pilot operation autonomous bus service, and namely the shuttle operating at the Meyrin area. The current service is provided with a very low frequency (every half hour) and a low speed (max 25 km/h), operating however in an uncontrolled environment (in contrast with many other pilots around the world), with roads are shared by other vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians etc. In 2019 we will start the expansion of the existing service to cover a larger area and with higher bus frequency. A prime candidate for the expansion is the new under development eco-neighbour of Vergers (http://www.lesvergers-meyrin.ch) with 1350 new residencies to be delivered in 2018/19 and the hospital site of Belle-Idee.
Having deployed a denser network of autonomous vehicles (3 or 4) by the start of the 2nd year of the project, covering the new area(s), we will proceed in parallel, to increase the vehicle speeds with aim to reach 40-45 km/h, with safety as prime concern, and incrementally propose new services and routes. (more info)
Lyon - France
The AVENUE solution will be running in the Lyon Confluence district. It is a vast 150-hectare site located at the confluence of the Saone and Rhone rivers in the heart of Lyon, for many years life in La Confluence revolved around industry and its river port. Confluence has been recognized eco-friendly district by the French government, sustainable district by WWF and has acquired the European label Concerto, for the low energetic consumption of the buildings.
The Lyon-Confluence project is one of Europe’s biggest urban projects to develop a city centre.
No public transport modes were present on the area near the river Saone. However a tram station is present on the main street near Charlemagne station and a regional train line cross the district without stopping except at the Lyon Perrache main station at the North of the Confluence district.
An on-demand shuttle service will be tested as well during the project to offer a better service to customers by letting them order the shuttle under specific condition (during off-peak periods for instance).
By the time the AVENUE project will start a mobile application will exist for the NAVLY service. Using it, the customers will be able to see the position of the shuttles on the route. An extension of the application could let them know the time of arrival at each station and let them order it during off-peak hours. (more info)
Copenhagen - Danemark
The Copenhagen test site is situated in an area of the city called Nordhavn. Nordhavn is an active industrial port that is undergoing a transformation into Copenhagen’s new international waterfront district with residential and commercial buildings. When the transformation of Nordhavn is done, the area will house more than 40,000 residents and 40,000 employees.
The Nordhavn transformation is the largest and most ambitious urban development project in Copenhagen to date, facilitated by CPH City & Port Development and the City of Copenhagen. The vision behind the new Nordhavn is called “The sustainable city of the future”, and this encompasses values such as environmental care, green traffic, accessibility for everyone, and high quality of life by the sea.
As a test site for full-scale autonomous transportation solutions in the AVENUE project, Nordhavn’s vision is brought to life in a way that literally moves people. The area will experience improved mobility internally and externally by integrating with existing public transport solutions. By offering cloud based autonomous mobility that is more flexible and on demand than we’re used to, the users in the area will experience a whole new and better way of getting from A to B facilitated by new technology. (more info)
Sales-Lentz is operating an autonomous bus service connecting the Campus Contern, (an office complex in Luxemburg providing a 100% natural, pollution and allergen free environment to his tenants) to the Sandweiler-Contern train station, at a distance of 1km. An extension towards the Zoning Chaux de Contern at a 3km distance is under planning. This first pilot provides SLA the required experience for the introduction of the autonomous vehicle services to other sites in Luxembourg, complementing the public transportation shared services they already offer.
In addition Sales-Lentz operates in Pfaffenthal, a valley in the city of Luxembourg, two shuttles on a short track connecting a residential area with the train and funicular station of Pfaffenthal as well as with the panoramic elevator in Pfaffenthal that goes up to the city of Luxembourg. (more info)